How Effective Is Morning After Pill
Pregnancy

How Effective Is Morning After Pill?

Effectiveness will differ from the time you take the medicine before you had an unprotected sex. Nevertheless, find it out in the below blog.

May 21, 2022

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Post Highlights

Morning after pill is emergency contraception used to avoid unwanted pregnancy after having unprotected sex. These pills are required in case when you forget to use birth control or your birth control doesn't work.

These pills work by delaying the ovulation cycle and hence, avoid pregnancy, but it doesn't bring about abortion.

The pill regimens recommended by WHO include: Levonorgestrel (a steroid progestin hormone). Ulipristal acetate. Combined oral contraceptives (COCs) that contain Ethinyl estradiol and levonorgestrel.

In What Cases Morning After Pill Is Used?

The morning-after pill (or emergency contraceptives) can be taken in the below-mentioned cases after engaging in the sexual activity-

  • When no other protection measure is used.
  • In case of improper or incorrect use of contraceptives
  • In case of sexual assault, to avoid undesired pregnancy

How Effective Is Morning After Pill?

The Morning-after pills prevent 89% of pregnancies if taken within 72 hours after having sexual intercourse. These pills can be taken within 5 days after intercourse, but they are more effective if taken sooner after engaging in sexual activity.

The ECPs with ulipristal acetate have proven to be more effective than ECPs with levonorgestrel. However, no contraceptive is 100% effective against pregnancy. There is always a probability of getting pregnant even after having emergency contraceptives.

How Much To Take?

Emergency contraceptives should not be consumed more than once a day. Also, it should be taken within 72 hours after sexual intercourse.

Morning after pill does not work against sexually transmitted diseases.
Some of the drugs interact with morning after pills, which reduces the pill's effect. These drugs include antibiotics (sulpha drugs, rifampin), some anticonvulsants, HIV drugs, benzodiazepines and griseofulvin.
Morning after pill is safe during pregnancy and does not cause congenital disabilities. Also, it can be taken during breastfeeding without any adverse effects.
Morning after pill only shows its effect for a short time, i.e., 5 days. These pills should be re administered for the next time sex to avoid pregnancy.

In What Scenarios Morning After Pill Does Not Work?

Morning after pill is widely used by women to avoid pregnancy; however, these pills might not be effective if-

  • Women are already ovulating or pregnant
  • Pills are taken 5 days after having sex
  • There is interaction with other medications
  • Person vomit within 3hrs after taking the pill
  • Allergic to any of its ingredient

Side Effects Of Morning After Pill

Morning after pill can cause aftereffects in some individuals, usually lasting for a few days. These include-

  • Vomiting, nausea, or headache are usually observed in combined oral contraceptives than in levonorgestrel or ulipristal acetate.
  • Change in menstrual bleeding - After pill intake, menstruation is observed within a week of the expected time; however, in some women, irregular bleeding or spotting is kept within a week or month after taking the pill.
  • Other - Short-term adverse effects include fatigue, abdominal pain, breast tenderness, and dizziness.

Morning after pill shows no severe side effects; however, if vomiting is observed within 3hrs of taking the medication, consult the healthcare professional.

Can I Use Two Emergency Contraceptives At The Same Time?

Do not use two contraceptives together as they might reduce the effect of each other and end up not preventing pregnancy. Some emergency contraceptives are readily available over-the-counter (OTC) without any prescription in all local pharmacies, irrespective of age.

These pills can also be taken from an online service provider or healthcare professionals.

Is Morning After Pills Safe If Used Repeatedly?

Emergency contraceptives are less effective for long-term usage as exposure to a higher level of the total hormone might result in some adverse effects.

Final Words From Druggist

The morning after pill is an oral emergency contraceptive that helps prevent unwanted pregnancy after sexual intercourse by delaying the ovulation cycle. This pill shows 89% efficacy if taken sooner after sexual activity. It is readily available and shows no severe side effects.


 

Heartburn hurts if not treated properly

We help you to treat your heart burns with medication.